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Osteochondral injury

Knee osteochondral lesions are a type of injury that can occur to the bone and cartilage in the knee joint. The knee joint is made up of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and fluid, and it is responsible for supporting the weight of the body and facilitating movement. When the bone and cartilage in the knee joint become damaged, it can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty with movement.

Osteochondral lesions can occur due to a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, and aging. They can also be caused by underlying conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms of knee osteochondral lesions can include pain, swelling, stiffness, and a feeling of instability or "catching" in the joint during movement.

Treatment for knee osteochondral lesions can depend on the severity of the injury and the underlying cause. In some cases, conservative treatments such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation in the affected area. Physical therapy can also be helpful, as it can help improve range of motion and strength in the knee joint.

For more severe cases of knee osteochondral lesions, surgery may be necessary. This can include procedures such as osteochondral autograft transfer, in which healthy bone and cartilage tissue is taken from another part of the body and transplanted to the damaged area of the knee joint, or osteochondral allograft transplantation, in which healthy tissue is harvested from a donor and transplanted to the affected area of the knee joint.

If you are experiencing knee pain or other symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and the best course of treatment for your individual needs. With proper treatment and management, it is possible to alleviate pain and improve function in the affected knee joint.

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