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Cartilage Lesiosn

Knee chondral lesions are a type of injury that can occur to the cartilage in the knee joint. The cartilage is a smooth, rubbery tissue that covers the ends of the bones in the knee joint, providing cushioning and shock absorption during movement. When this cartilage is damaged or worn away, it can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the knee joint.

Chondral lesions can occur due to a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, and aging. They can also be caused by underlying conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms of knee chondral lesions can include pain, swelling, stiffness, and a feeling of instability or "catching" in the joint during movement.

Treatment for knee chondral lesions can depend on the severity of the injury and the underlying cause. In some cases, conservative treatments such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation in the affected area. Physical therapy can also be helpful, as it can help improve range of motion and strength in the knee joint.

For more severe cases of knee chondral lesions, surgery may be necessary. This can include procedures such as microfracture, in which small holes are made in the bone beneath the damaged cartilage to stimulate the growth of new tissue, or autologous chondrocyte implantation, in which healthy cartilage cells are harvested from the patient and grown in a laboratory before being implanted in the damaged area of the knee joint.

If you are experiencing knee pain or other symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and the best course of treatment for your individual needs. With proper treatment and management, it is possible to alleviate pain and improve function in the affected knee joint.

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